Dates Type & Properties

Dates type:

Dates are the dried fruit of the palm tree.these are rich in nutrients and have a very sweet taste. Although dates are dried, they are high in fiber, potassium, iron, etc. Consuming a few dates instead of sweet drinks or candy and chocolate can suppress your craving for sweets and provide a lot of nutrients to your body. You can also eat dates with some nuts such as walnuts or almonds to make a sweet and crispy combination. Good to know that dates are very sweet, so don’t take more than 3 dates in one serving.


This type of date fruit is called by different names in different regions. It is known as Khorak-e-Shani in some regions. About 95% of Jahrom palm trees (one of the most important date-growing cities in Fars) are Shahani trees. Shahani is considered to be soft, but in some areas, it is used in dried form. Due to the sweet taste and bright brown color, Shahani dates have a high rate of consumption.dates type



Kabkab cultivar is one of the most important and abundant cultivars in the Khesht and Kamarj region, in Kazerun and Dashtestan (Borazjan) in Iran. Kabkab is very sweet and is smaller and juicy enough to attract people. this dates are usually recommended to be cooked before consumption. The color of the fruit in the stage of Khark and Ratb is yellow, and in the case of full ripening, it turns dark brown. The oval fruit weighs about 15 grams with a semi-dry texture and light yellow color. Kabkab dates are fully ripe in late August but are harvested in mid-September.

Mazafati dates

can be considered as one of the most delicious and pleasant types of dates in the world. These dates, which have attractive black color, have a moisture content of 15% to 35%, depending on the time of harvest, the place where it is planted, and the size of its seeds that is usually between 2.5 and 4.5 cm in Iran after colonization. Mazafati’s main homeland in Iran is Bam, Kerman. Mazafati Bam is one of the best types of dates in Iran in terms of the domestic market. Mazafati is one of the most excellent dates with dark red to a black color and fine quality. In recent years, special attention has been paid to its export.



It is one of the most important cultivars in Hormozgan province and is one of the many cultivars in Minab city and is also planted in Kerman province. Its fruit is relatively small and elongated.


Piyarom palms

are mainly planted at the foot of mountains and are irrigated by rivers designed at different levels by the rivers of the region. The cultivation of these palms is mainly “organic” and no chemicals are used in the process. The thin skin of Piyarom has a dark brown color. Since the meat and the skin are completely “glued” to each other, it has a beautiful and desirable appearance. The percentage of moisture in the fruit is low, it is considered a semi-dry cultivar. Piyarom’s quality is good and is very marketable in terms of exports.


Rabbee is one of the most important cultivars in Sistan and Baluchestan province. In terms of importance, it is located after Saamran, Shahani, Mazafati, and Kabkab. The fruit is large, red in color, and delicious.


The Zahedi cultivar

Dates type

is considered a dry or a semi-dried cultivar.

In many fertile parts of the country, especially in Khuzestan, Fars, Bushehr, and Kermanshah province, it is cultivated on a large scale. The fruit turns yellow in the Khark stage, light brown in the Rotab stage, and red in the Tamar stage (reddish to yellowish-brown). Zahedi Yazdadi in Arabic means abundant and cheap. The shape of the fruit is an elongated oval, and its end is very narrow and sharp. It is one of the very high cultivars that have good storage and transportation properties. It is one of the export cultivars. The ratio of Zahedi meat to the kernel is 6.35. Zahedi is harvested in late September. The adhesion of the cap to the fruit is moderate. This variety of dates is more or less planted in almost all date-growing provinces.


Source: naid.