General Overview on Dates
Dates come from the date palm trees, which mainly exist in tropical regions of the world. To be more specific, we can refer to this fact that date palms are native to the Persian Gulf in the Middle-East. Consequently, Iran, Iraq, and Israel are the rich sources of dates. Iran itself produces 23% of the world’s dates. It exports various types of dates to about 81 countries worldwide.
Dates are very nutritious and high in minerals, fiber, vitamins, and antioxidants. It’s popular among all kinds of people, such as kids, diabetics, elder ones, and even athletics. Since dates do not harm any organ in the human body, they can be consumed by all. Chemical constituents of dates are about 25% Sacarose, 50% Glucose, and some amounts of vitamins and minerals.
Here we go through dates advantages:
1) Dates have a high amount of disease-fighting antioxidants.
2) Dates play a dominant role in brain and overall body health.
3) Dates can be used as natural sweetener accompanied with tea or any other drinks.
4) Dates can control and regulate blood sugar.
Dates generally are divided into two types: 1) Dried 2) Fresh
Dried dates have wrinkled skin and less moisture than the other type. On the contrary, fresh dates are softer and sweeter than the dried ones. It’s good to know that the appearance of dates reveals many important things about them. For instance, old or incorrectly handled ones have an inappropriate shape and size. High qualified dates are shiny, brown, and are not infested with mites. Dates with low quality, which are somehow sour, will be used as an animal feed stuff.
We can get various products whether, from the leaves of the palms or the dates. Bread can be made out of the dates core. Rural grind the core of the dates and apply it in baking bread. The core of the date can also be used as coffee. Syrup and various drinks can also be made out of date fruit. Moreover, useful baskets and hand made crafts are also made out of the leaves and the date palm trees.
Dates Storage & Packaging
Dates are exported in refrigerated containers of which the temperature is 0 – 5 c and the moisture is about 14%. Infinity Nuts sterilizes its containers with a specific gas. Therefore, Infinity Nuts provides sorted, clean, and high qualified dates due to the customers’ demand with the most suitable price.
Infinity Nuts sorts dates with the help of its careful and compassionate workers. Mature, sweet, and ripe dates will be allocated to our customers. Dates with unified shapes and sizes are guaranteed by us.
Dates consumption and Production rates
Annual date consumption in Iran is about 7 kg, in Saudi Arabia is 13 kg, and in Egypt, this reaches 16 kg. In Ramadan, the consumption of dates in Muslim countries and the middle east, rise.
Dates are among the top 5 agricultural export products. Mazafati dates in both fresh and dry forms have the highest demand in the global market than the other types of dates. Malaysia, Iraq, India, Pakistan, and Turkey are all top importers of dates in the world.
Different Types of Dates
Dates are classified into many different types. Lulu, Piyarom, Kabkab, Mazafati, Zahedi, Shahani, Sayer, Rabbee, and some more are types of dates. As mentioned before, the Middle East is the rich source of different types of dates that supplies about 24-26 % of the world’s dates.
The difference between Rotab dates and simple dates is that Rotab has more moisture and less sugar than simple dates. Rotab is not as mature as the simple dates.
Shahani dates are narrow, bright brown with 25% maximum moisture. These dates are divided into Soft and Dry ones. Shahani dates are somehow similar to Rabee dates, and sometimes they are mistaken. But colors are discriminative. By paying attention to colors, we can realize that it is Shahani or not. Same as the other types of dates, Shahani dates are high in vitamins, minerals, and iron.
Shahani dates are moist but can be harvested in both semi-dry and dry forms. Shahani is sweeter than other types. That’s why it is used as a sweetener in industry. Although Shahani is sweet, it is harmless since people consume it properly.
Harvest time for Shahani dates is in autumn. As a matter of fact, Shahani tree palm is very fertile and fruitful. Moreover, Shahani dates can be kept in storage and warehouse much longer than the other types, only if the conditions are proper with temperature 10 -20 c. Against all said, Shahani dates not only are not high in cholesterol but regulate the blood pressure and cholesterol.
Mazafati dates are the most popular among others. Mazafati has the highest export volume among other types of dates. Its moisture content varies between 15 – 35% which is higher than the other types. Bam and Iranshahr in Iran are the main sources of Mazafati dates. It is estimated that Bam produces about 70000-80000 Tonnes of Mazafati dates annually. Mazafati dates from Bam, compared to those from Iranshahr, are more wrinkled. Iranshahr’s Mazafati dates have fewer wrinkles and are a little bit sweeter.
India’s market has a high demand for Mazafati dates. To be more specific, Bam Mazafati has a high demand in India. Infinity Nuts can supply any types of dates, in any quantity according to the customers’ requirements all over the world.
Mazafati dates are also known as Kimia dates in India.
Piyarom dates with the moisture of 15% have high demand in European countries and Canada. Since Piyarom dates have a high potential for insect absorption, they have to be kept in cold stores with 0-5 c. Piyarom dates are those of dates for which demands are high in the global market. Its skin is thin and dark brown. Piyarom is very nutritious since it is full of proteins, minerals, and vitamins. Harvest time for Piyarom is in September.
Kabkab dates are appropriate for both industry and direct consumption. Kabkab is nectarous, soft, and delicious. Its moisture content is about 18% that causes the fine texture of the date. Kabkab is harvested in mid-September.
Zahedi dates are thick, small, shiny, and dry. Its moisture content is 14%, which indicates the dryness of this date. Zahedi dates are less sweet than the other types. Zahedi dates are harvested in mid-September. This type of date can be transported by standard containers since it is dry there is no need for refrigerated containers. Zahedi dates can be eaten directly; moreover, they are widely used in industry, cereals, puddings, bread, cakes, etc as a flavor changer and natural sweetener.